Transport around 50,000 BC

The Globe

Any intelligent man's mind is bound to 'boggle a bit' if it really strives to envisage that dispersal of unanimity in purposive behaviour shared both by the prehistoric inhabitants of France and those of Swaziland and lands between them about the immense importance to humanity of bloodstone, over forty thousand years before our era; of finding this red earth and burying it with the dead in small lumps, or in great quantity if fortunate enough to have access to it in plenty. Actually the use of bloodstone (or of real blood, whether human or other) in death rituals and in many other rituals spread over the entire globe not only to South Africa but through Asia and across Australia to Tasmania and across the Americas and down to Tierra del Fuego. So the bloodstone mining habit has crossed not only all the seas and straits but also the oceans that separate them today. Hence, water-vehicles must have been reponsible for part, if not the whole of that rapid dispersal...(The God-Kings & the Titans)



Southwest Asia




Indus Valley






South America




North America



Prehistoric people at least as early as the Australian colonists some 50,000 years ago had boats capable of open-sea navigation. (112)

It still remains something of a mystery how these early Homo sapiens sapiens settlers crossed the sea channels beyond Indonesia to arrive in Australia some 60,000 years ago. (In the Footsteps of Eve)

The most reasonable theory suggests that, about 45,000 years ago, the Sapiens living in the Indonesian archipelago (a group of islands separated from Asia and from each other by only narrow straits) developed the first seafaring societies. They learned how to build and manoeuvre ocean-going vessels and became long-distance fishermen, traders and explorers. In the thousands of years following the settlement of Australia, Sapiens colonised a large number of small and isolated islands to its north. Some, such as Buka and Manus, were separated from the closest land by 120 miles of open water. (Sapiens