Science around 15,000 BC

The Globe

Rappengluck provides further compelling evidence that our ancestors, at least as early as the epoch between 16,000 BC and 10,000 BC: recognized single and very complex star patterns, including the Milky Way, the Northern Crown in the cave of El Castillo (Spain), the Pleiades in the cave of Lascaux (France) and the main constellations of the sky at the same location. (Magicians of the Gods)



Southwest Asia



 …some scholars claim that these myths have been greatly misunderstood, and may actually be a scientific language for expressing beliefs concerning humanity and nature: not a technical language such as we have today, but a unique and symbolic form that accomplishes what science is really all about--explaining the processes of nature and the universe. The French scholar Constantin-Francois Volney (1757-1820), who is known for meticulous accounts of his explorations in northern Africa, was particularly fascinated with the high level of astronomical knowledge and the related high level of culture achieved by the Ethiopians. Volney describes the invention of the zodiac by this ancient civilization: It was, then, on the borders of the upper Nile, among a black race of men, that was organized the complicated system of the worship of the stars, considered in relation to the productions of the earth ) and the labors of agriculture… Volney determined that the date of the origin of the zodiac had to be 15,194 BC: Now estimating the precession at about seventy years and a half to a degree, that is, 2,115 years to each sign; and observing that Aries was in its fifteenth degree, 1,447 years before Christ, it follows that the first degree of Libra could not have coincided with the vernal equinox more lately than 15,194 years before Christ; now, if you add 1790 years since Christ, it appears that 16,984 years have elapsed since the origin of the Zodiac. (Before the Pharaohs)

Indus Valley






South America




North America