Legends in General


The Australian Aborigones offer a wonderful subject for meditations on the nature of humanity. Consider: these people lived in what may have been nearly complete isolation for more than 40,000 years in an ecologically diverse continent, and when first encountered by Europeans in the 17th century, their technology hardly approached the sophistication of the Neanderthals: just simple stone tools and rudimentary wooden implements; and yet they evolved a kinship system and cosmology that most graduate students in anthropology have struggled to comprehend in all its complexity--and probably never do. (Patterns in Prehistory)

Another cultural tradition, cited in Allan and Delair's Cataclysm! Compelling Evidence of a Cosmic Catastrophe in 9500 BC , that of the Selungs of the Mergui Archipelago off southern Burma, also speaks of a sunken landmass: "...formerly [the] country was of continental dimensions, but the daughter of an evil spirit threw many rocks into the sea...the waters rose and swallowed up the land....Everything alive perished, except what was able to save itself on one island that remained above the waters."(Forbidden History)

…collectors of oral traditions throughout the island peoples of the Pacific were perplexed by recurring themes of a vanished motherland from which ancestral culture bearers arrived to replant society's seeds. On Kaua'i, the Hawaiians told of the Mu (also known as the Menehune) arrived in the dim past from a "floating island." The most important ancestral chant known to the Hawaiians was the "Kumulipo," which recounts a terrific flood that destroyed the world long ago. Its concluding lines evoke some natural catastrophe in the deep past: "Born the roaring, advancing and receding of waves, the rumbling sound, the earthquake. The sea rages, rises over the beach, rises to the inhabited places, rises gradually up over the land. Ended is the line of the first chief of the dim past dwelling in cold uplands. Dead is the current sweeping in from the navel of the Earth. That was a warrior wave. Many who came vanished, lost in the passing night." The survivor who escaped the "warrior wave" was Kuamu. (Forbidden History)

Rice is intimately associated with many Asian cultures and is the basis of their diets and some of their economies. The Kachins, of northern Burma, say that they were sent forth from the center of the Earth after being given seeds of rice to plant in the perfect world in which they were to live. According to the ancient Japanese religion Shinto, the emperor of Japan is the living embodiment of Ninigo-no-mikoto, the god of the rice plant. (The Genesis Race)

One of the tales contained in the Sumerian texts states that Enki got out of control chasing after and sexually harassing his half-sister Ninti (aka Ninhursag). In addition to breaking the Anunnaki protocol on consensual sex, he caused so much physical damage to her kingdom that a council of the gods had to be convened to sort out the mess. The Japanese have a similar story of their primary goddess Amaterasu being sexually pursued by her half-brother', Susanowo; as in the Anunnaki society, the child of a god by his half-sister becomes the next ruler. The royal family of Japan is believed to have descended from the progeny of this incestuous conception by the gods Amaterasu and Susanowo. (Gods, Genes, and Consciousness)

Far away from Oshoro in Nara Prefecture on the island of Honshu, there is a sacred mountain called Miwa- Yama. In a pattern with which I was now becoming familiar, this entire pyramid-shaped mountain is considered by Japan's indigenous Shinto religion to be a shrine, possessed by the spirit of a god who 'stayed his soul' within it in ancient times. His correct name is Omononushino-Kami (although he is also popularly known as Daikokusama) and according to the ancient texts he is 'the guardian deity of human life' who taught mankind how to cure disease, manufacture medicines and grow crops. His symbol, very strikingly, is a serpent - and to this day serpents are still venerated at Mount Miwa, where pilgrims bring them boiled eggs and cups of sake. (Underworld)

Izanami and Izanagi are the archetypal divine couple, progenitors of gods and men, whom we first encounter in the ancient texts standing on the 'Floating Bridge of Heaven', gazing down into the swirling, oily, cloud-covered mass of the primeval universe in formation: Izanagi-no-Mikoto and Izanami-no-Mikoto stood on the Floating Bridge of Heaven, and held counsel together saying: 'Is there not a country beneath?' Thereupon they thrust down the jewel-spear of Heaven, and groping about therewith found the ocean. The brine which dripped from the point of the spear coagulated and became the island which received the name Ono-goro-rima ['Spontaneously-congealed-island'; identified with a small island near Ahaji]. The two Deities thereupon descended and dwelt in this island. Accordingly they wished to become husband and wife together, and to produce countries. So they made Ono-goro-Jima the pillar of the centre of the land. It is impossible to pass such symbolism as 'the pillar of the centre of the land' without noting its obvious family resemblance to the notion of the omphalos or 'navel-of-the-earth', found as far afield as ancient Peru, Easter Island, India, ancient Egypt and Greece. (Underworld)

As well as the Sun Goddess Amaterasu, and her troublesome brother Sosano, Izanagi and Izanami become the parents of many other children, several of whom are islands (perhaps even the islands of post-glacial Japan that were formed by rising sea-levels?), while others are Kami of every variety. In a curious episode, the first-born of the divine couple is described as a leech-child (later identified with the god Yebisuj, whom 'they straightaway placed in a reed boat and set adrift'. And just as Sosano's killing of the serpent to rescue a damsel in distress recalls the Greek myth of Perseus and Andromeda, so too this story of a child set adrift in a reed vessel has bizarre similarities to the stories of well-known civilizing heroes who were 'saved from water' in the same way - such as Moses in the Old Testament and Sargon the Great of Mesopotamia…(Underworld)

...the last of Izanami's children is the fire-god Kagu-tsuchi (Fire-Shining-Swift-Male). As he enters the world her uterus is burnt and soon afterwards she sickens, dies and her spirit travels to the Land of Yomi. Now, another scene from universal myth unfolds - here powerfully reminiscent of the Underworld quests of Orpheus for Eurydice and of Demeter for Persephone. The ancient Japanese recension of this mysteriously global story is given in the Kojiki and the Nihongi, where we read that Izanagi, mourning for his dead wife, followed after her to the Land of Yomi in an attempt to bring her back to the world of the living: Izanagi-no-Mikoto went after Izanami-no-Mikoto and entered the Land of Yomi ... So when from the palace she raised the door and came out to meet him, Izanagi spoke saying; 'My lovely younger sister! The lands that I and thou made are not yet finished making; so come back! Izanami is honoured by Izanagi's attention, and minded to return. But there is one problem. She has already eaten food prepared in the Land of Yomi and this binds her to the place, just as the consumption of a single pomegranate seed binds Persephone to hell in the Greek myth. (Underworld)

Is it an accident that ancient Indian myth also contains the same idea? In the Katha Upanishad a human, Nachiketas, succeeds in visiting the underworld realm of Yama, the Hindu god of Death (and, yes, scholars have noted and commented upon the weird resonance between the names and functions of Yama and Yomi). It is precisely to avoid detention in the realm of Yama that Nachiketas is warned: Three nights within Yama's mansion stay But taste not, though a guest, his food. So there's a common idea here - in Japan, in Greece, in India - about not eating food in the Underworld if you want to leave. The parallel idea of not looking or not looking back after a successful quest in the Underworld is strong in the myth of Orpheus and Eurydice. In their case Eurydice, killed by a snakebite, is permitted to return to life after Orpheus has journeyed to the land of the dead to find her. But there is a condition: neither he nor she should look back as they depart the Underworld: 'The couple climbed up toward the opening into the land of the living, and Orpheus, seeing the sun again, turned back to share his delight with Eurydice. In that moment, she disappeared.' (Underworld)

…Izanagi has reached the Land of Yomi and has just addressed Isanami: 'My lovely younger sister! The lands that I and thou made are not yet finished making; so come back!' And she has informed him that she has eaten food cooked in the Underworld and thus cannot depart: 'My lord and husband, why is thy coming so late? I have already eaten of the cooking furnace of Yomi.' Nevertheless, she says that she will return within and discuss the matter with the resident Kami. Perhaps an exception can be made and she can be freed. But she issues one warning: 'Look not at me!' She goes back into the palace to negotiate her freedom and remains there a long time without giving any sign. Izanagi, waiting outside, becomes impatient. He improvises a torch and follows her within. There, unfortunately, the first thing he sees is Izanami covered in putrefaction and seething with maggots: Izanagi-no-Mikoto was greatly shocked and said, 'Nay! I have come unawares to a hideous and polluted land.' So he speedily ran away back again. Then IzanamiMikoto was angry, and said: 'Why didst thou not observe that which I charged thee [i.e not to look at her]? Now am I put to shame. Like a vengeful harpy, and accompanied by 'the eight Ugly Females of Yomi', she sets off in pursuit, determined to punish Izanagi for dishonouring her. Just ahead of them he reaches 'the Even Pass of Yomi', the exit to the upper world, and blocks it behind him with 'a thousand-men-pull rock,. This rock, we read, 'is called the great Kami, Land-of-Night-Gate-Block'. On one side stands Izanami, permanently relegated to the Realm of Yomi. On the other stands Izanagi, He-Who-Invites, who still has tasks to complete and powerful Kami to create in the upper world. (Underworld)

…we read of a fisherman later revered as a deity named Urashima: He was handsome of feature...He went out alone in a boat to fish with hook and line. During three days and nights he caught nothing, but at length he caught a turtle of five colours. Wondering, he put it in the boat...While he slept the turtle suddenly became transformed into a woman, in form beautiful beyond description... He said to her, 'This place is far from the homes of people, of whom there are few on the sea. How did you so suddenly come here?' Smiling, she replied, 'I deemed you a man of parts alone on the sea, lacking anyone with whom to converse, so I came here by wind and cloud. She is, of course, a Kami, as he quickly understands, from a magical land that 'lasts as long as sky and earth and ends with sun and moon'. (Underworld)

The Japanese notion of the Sea-King's sanctuary, which the Nihongi calls 'the Palace of the God of the Sea' and the Kojiki calls 'the Palace of the Kami Great-Ocean-Possessor' is a rather complicated one. …its primary mythical setting is underwater, amidst huge stone structures looming up from the sea-bed, in a place that can only be reached by diving. But it also has elusive connections to an enchanted 'Spirit island', accessed by a magical journey across the sea, where human life dilates towards immortality - or so we may gather from the story of the man who spent three years residing there and then returned to his home only to discover that 300 human years had passed. Last but not least, there seems to be an enigmatic link with the dark and terrifying Underworld of the Land of Yomi where the soul of Izanami fled after her death. (Underworld)

...in any rite, or system of rites, of initiation the same three stages are to be distinguished as in the rituals of Australia, namely: separation from the community, transformation (usually physical as well as psychological), and return to the community in the new role. The ritual of tossing in the air represented the crisis of separation. The rites of circumcision and subincision effected, irreversibly, the transformation. And the ritual of the double tjurunga marked the return. (Primitive Mythology)

According to Layard the Malekulans attribute their own megalithic tradition of the pig sacrifice to a mythical family of five culture-bringers, who were brothers and "white men" with aquiline noses. Their chief, the creator and giver of all good things, is represented constantly, Layard declares, "as sailing in a canoe, and in almost all, if not in all, areas where he is known, he is represented as having finally sailed away over the horizon to an unknown destination. In his heavenly aspect he is invariably associated with light and, in one way or another, with the sun and moon." But he is also said to have been buried sitting on a stone seat within a stone chamber covered by a mound of earth and loose stones - "in other words," as Layard points out, "what we in Europe would call a chambered round-barrow"; and his body and that of his wife are said to be incorruptible. The alleged undecayed bodies of this culture-bringer and his wife are ritually washed at certain festival times for the purpose of ensuring the continuance of the human race. And after the killing, the new Lord of the Underworld remains for thirty days on the stone platform, eating only yams. His limbs are covered with armlets of the most valuable shell beads, and he has pigs' tusks as bangles from elbow to wrist. He is a very picture of that immortal person for whom death has no sting. (Primitive Mythology)

And with this, I believe, we have our final clue to the ritual sacrifice of the royal tombs of Ur, as well as to the "fury for sacrifice" that beset, at one time or another, every part of the archaic world in the various high periods of its numerous cultures. A magical power is gained according to the measure of one's sacrifice. The ultimate sacrifice is, of course, one's self; yet the value even of this self is to be measured according to the orders of sacrifice accomplished during life and made by one's survivors at one's mortuary feast. The most potent supporting offering of this sort is another human being - one's son, one's slave, one's prisoner of war. But the next in order is some beast that one has raised oneself and cared for as one's own. Moreover, wherever such animal offerings are rendered, the beast is of a species mythologically associated with deity. We have mentioned the Capsian petroglyphs in North Africa, showing a ram with the sun between its horns and the figure of the moon-bull on the sacred harps of Ur, as well as the bulls' heads on the high neolithic pottery of the Halaf style. Let us add, now, the rites of the Minotaur in the bull rings of Crete, whence the imagery was carried with the megalithic culture complex to Spain, where, even today, we may see the brave moon-bull with its crescent horns slain by the solar blade of the sparkling matador, just as the paleolithic bulls in the deep temple caves of the neighboring Cantabrian hills and Pyrenees are slain by the solar power of the shamans. And in Malekula, at the other end of the line, the same symbolism is rendered in the megalithic rites of the sacrifice of the lunar boar. (Primitive Mythology)

The Polynesians remembered that the man-god Tiki had first created his fellow-men at the Great, Sacred Sea. The Peruvians placed the creative activities of their Tici - both parties used the same name - on the salty inland sea, Titicaca. In Polynesia, Heyerdahl says, history was the same as religion. They were ancestor-worshippers. Their historical heroes were their gods. (The God-Kings & the Titans)

...the [Australian] Aborigines have Enoch-like stories of outside visitors who are far more advanced than themselves. They tell how long ago, there were spirit people they call the Nurrumbunguttias who lived on earth. Like the Watchers of Enochian legend, these people were said to have come down from the sky. These spirit people ruled the earth, but the sea rose up and flooded the land so that even the mountain tops were covered and the whole world was water. Many Nurrumbunguttias were drowned, but others escaped to the heavens to become gods in the sky. Then the sea went back to its own place and the land steamed hot so that the animals, birds, insects and reptiles could once again make their homes on the quick-drying plains. There are many stories amongst the Aborigines of seven sisters who came from a great hole in the sky in the constellation of Orion. In one telling, these seven sisters are called the Water Girls. The oral tradition of the death of the people at Marabibi tells how Yungalya, the 'running star', appeared and a number of objects fell to earth, burning and removing the skin of the people. Yet another story of the seven sisters tells of flying stars which drop down and make holes in the ground. (Uriel's Machine)

...the people of Pohnpei remember a legend that the canals separating their temples were originally dredged by a 'dragon' which offered its assistance to Olosopa and Olosipa, the two mythical founders of the city. Said to have been brothers, Olosopa and Olosipa were 'Ani-Aramach', primordial god-kings, who arrived in boats 'from a land to the west' bringing with them a 'sacred ceremony', which they instituted in their new homeland with the help of wise magicians. The name of the submerged 'city of the gods' under the 'Reef of Heaven' is Khanimweiso and it is not a figment of myth. As part of an archaeological conservation project led by Dr Arthur Saxe of Ohio State University a thorough mapping-survey of large parts of Nan Madol has now been undertaken and has confirmed the existence of extensive undersea ruins, some of them lying at very great depths. The majority have so far been discovered to the east, and a little to the south of the massive breakwaters around Nan Douwas and have included what appear to be a series of tall pillars or columns, standing on flat pedestals on the sloping sides of the island and reaching heights of up to S metres. ...the temples of Nan Madol are linked to ancient local beliefs in life after death. According to these beliefs, which are astonishingly similar to those of the ancient Egyptians, the soul must make a perilous afterlife journey during which it will face many trials and tests. In Egypt this journey takes place in the Duat, a region of the sky...(Heaven's Mirror)

...what we find particularly noteworthy about the site of Nan Madol is that it is specifically said to have been 'modelled' on an earlier 'city of the gods', now under water, and to stand directly above that earlier city. We cannot see how this concept differs from that of the Egyptian temples such as the Temple of Horus at Edfu which were also 'copies' of earlier originals, built on primordial foundations, with the object of bringing about the resurrection of the 'former world of the gods'. We further note that the earlier divine world, which the Edfu Building Texts refer to as 'the Homeland of the Primeval Ones', is said to have been an island that was swallowed up in the waters of a great earth-destroying Flood. (Heaven's Mirror)

...legends of the Easter Islanders tell us more about 'Hiva', the mysterious land from which Uoke is said to have come. We learn that it was once a proud island of enormous size, but that it too suffered in the 'great cataclysm' and was 'submerged in the sea'. Afterwards, a group of 300 survivors set out in two very large ocean-going canoes to sail to Te-Pito-O-Te-Henua, having magically obtained foreknowledge of the existence of the island and of how to steer a course towards it using the stars. From the dawn of its strange history, almost up to the time of first contact with Western civilization in the eighteenth century, Easter Island too was ruled by a dynasty of god-kings. The founder of this dynasty was Hotu Matua, the leader of the fleet of two great canoes full of survivors that set sail from Hiva shortly before it sank beneath the sea. Easter Island traditions tell us that this god-king, whose name means 'prolific father'," was accompanied by his Queen Ava-Reipua and was instructed by a certain Hua Maka, a magician, who foresaw the destruction of Hiva and made an out-of-body journey in which he located Te-Pito-O-Te-Henua as a place of refuge. Following Hua Maka's magical vision-quest, the physical exploration of Easter Island is said to have been undertaken by seven sages - 'kings' sons, all initiated men' - who travelled 'from Hiva in a single canoe". It was their mission to 'open the way' for Hotu Matua and to prepare the island for settlement. (Heaven's Mirror)

The little that is known about the Ma'ori-Ko-Hau-Rongorongo forms part of the enduring mystery of Easter Island, for the word Ma'ori in this context means 'scholar' or 'master of special knowledge'. The first of these Ma'ori masters (not to be confused with the Maori people of New Zealand) were said to have come to Easter Island with Hotu Matua himself. They were scribes, literate men. Their function was to recite the sacred words written on 67 wooden tablets that Hotu Matua had brought with him from Hiva and, when the originals became rotten or worn out, to recopy the writings on to replacement tablets. (Heaven's Mirror)

Traditions state, for example, that ages ago there existed on the island a brotherhood of 'learned men who studied the sky'. These 'Tangata Rani' were instantly recognizable because they were 'tattooed on their faces with coloured spots'- somewhat like the astronomer priests of Heliopolis in ancient Egypt, who wore distinctive leopard-skin cloaks with coloured spots. When the island was first created and became known to our forefathers, the land was crossed by roads beautifully paved with flat stones. The stones were laid so close together so artistically that no rough edges were exposed. Heke [a name reminiscent of the ancient Egyptian hekau, 'magic'] was the builder of the roads, and it was he who sat in the place of honour in the middle where the roads branched away in every direction. These roads were cunningly contrived to represent the plan of the web of the grey and black pointed spider, and no man can discover the beginning and the end thereof. (Heaven's Mirror)

Innumerable billions of years ago, the Takenouchi Documents tell us, the world was a sea of mud. After twenty-two billion years of formation out of All emerged the first God and Goddess, and the heavens and the Earth were separated and became a firmament. The Earth hardened and became a sphere. The God and Goddess gave birth to another couple, representing the Sun and Moon respectively, and in this way the Earth took form for six generations. The fifth generation God and Goddess gave birth to the Creator of the Nations and his wife who descended to Mt. Kurai in Japan and took on “shining bodies.” In the seventh generation various beings developed technologies for life on Earth such as transportation and writing. The first calendar was made, consisting of twelve thirty-day months...which were followed by intercalary days. Each month consisted of three ten-day weeks... The seventh generation Sun God declared the beginning of the lineage of World-Emperors... He also set out the islands of Japan as distinct from the rest of the planet, naming Japan “the Land of Hidama’ or the Sun-Sphere. (The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan)

The Takenouchi Documents refer to the Sumera-Mikoto as the “Son of the Sun” since he was descended from the Sun God. According to Guénon this is a title of the Vaivasvata Manu, the Indian name for 'the King of the World.’ The Sun God’s heir began the High Ancient dynasty and after eight billion years dispatched his sons and daughters around the planet to found their own nations. He divided the world into sixteen sections, one for each new mittoson, a sort of king or vassal. These kings became the Five-Colored Peoples—white, blue, red, yellow, and black—and were scattered across the continents in no particular pattern. (The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan)

After the establishment of the sixteen nations the World-Emperor’s role became to tour the world to ensure that the peace and rule of the sun were being kept among the Five-Colored Peoples. In high ancient times the World-Emperor was able to travel all over the world on a flying ship called Ame-no-Ukifune, literally, the “floating ship of heaven.” Using this ship he could visit all the mittoson in a matter of years rather than decades. Actually, the Ame-no-Ukifune was long known to Japanese historians before the Takenouchi Documents appeared. The Nihon Shoki and the Kujiki-10 both describe a flying ship called Ame-no-Iwafune on which the ancestor of the Mononobe clan named Nigihayahi descended to Earth. In the Takenouchi documents this ship was used by the gods to descend to Earth, but thereafter became the exclusive property of the World-Emperor who sent it out only on rare occasions. The Ame-no-Ukifune were said to require good takeoff and land- ing spots. Such ancient airports would be named with the Japanese word hane meaning “wing.” Even today places named Hane can be found all over the world, most notably Haneda Airport in Tokyo. One Takenouchi researcher has found nine such Hane airports lying on a vertical ley line resembling an ancient Prime Meridian running through the middle of Japan. At the northern end of this ley line (located at 137° 11’ east) is a pyramid-shaped mountain called Tongari-yama that is a modern UFO hot spot.  (The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan)

When he arrived in a place the World-Emperor would be met with awe. Writes Wado Kosaka: “It is easy to imagine the extreme anxiety of the Mittoson who had to receive the Sumera-Mikoto without prior notice. For the five-colored peoples who were suffering from misgovernment, the world visits by the Sumera-Mikoto were opportunities for relief, and thus the Sumera-Mikoto was always welcomed with the highest honor and respect in every land. The World-Emperor never had to use force but could replace a bad king simply through proclamation, echoing Evola’s assertion that Traditional rule “did not need physical strength to assert itself, and when it did, it was only sporadically. It imposed itself mainly and irresistibly through the spirit.” All people were taught about the origin and the authority of the Sumera-Mikoto so his judgment could resolve any dispute and ensure complete peace. Besides being the ultimate source of law, the World-Emperor developed technologies for the sake of the people. Each World-Emperor had his own form of writing; the first generation used pictograms, but by the fourth generation the kamiyo moji had become more abstract, being the basis of Ahiru script and the fifth generation used Ahiru brush script. Later generations developed still more forms of writing, until eventually they resembled modern katakana. (The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan)

While the Japanese of this era were Hibito, People of the Sun, and were given special duties to maintain the imperial teachings, the World-Emperors themselves only lived in Japan and were not themselves Japanese. Rather, they were above all colors and married women of pure heart, called Kisakinomiya, from all over the world. When no male heirs were produced there would be a World-Empress who would marry a man of pure heart called Yosachio. The practice of selecting a spouse from among the Five-Colored Peoples ended in the Fukiaezu dynasty, which seems associated with the decline of the World- Emperor's power. From that point on the World-Emperor was forced more and more to limit his activities to Japan, and only the Hibito were dispatched around the world to continue education programs. As the world took form it was also rocked by cataclysms, earthquakes, and floods, attested in texts all over the world. In the Takenouchi Documents these are described as Tenpenchii and there are not one but dozens of them over the course of history, caused by an imbalance in the order of heaven. Over the course of history the Tenpenchii grew steadily more severe. In fact two whole continents called Miyoi and Tamiara in the Pacific Ocean sank (parallels to Mu, Atlantis, and Lemuria are clear, but the Documents say little about these continents. (The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan)

Takenouchi researchers generally believe that the work indeed began on the other side of the world, and that the first group to be segregated from the universal rule of the Sumera-Mikoto was the ancient Middle Eastern civilization of the Fertile Crescent, who out of love for their former leader named themselves the Sumerians. (The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan)

The Documents describe the planet that the World-Emperors reigned over as being home to Five-Colored Peoples who were scatered haphazardly throughout each continent. They claim that these zroups appeared simultaneously, coexisted for millions of years, and did not fight. (The Sacred Science of Ancient Japan)