Legends around 40,000 BC

The Globe

The Roots of Civilization demonstrates that since the arising of our genotype, Homo sapiens sapiens, some forty millennia ago, attention to the measurement of periods of time as manifested by celestial bodies and motions has been an activity as persistently and widely pursued by people as the getting of food or the making of tools. (The Secret of the Incas)



Southwest Asia

The harsh climatic period of the "seven passings" begins to decimate Mankind. Europe's Neanderthal Man disappears; only Cro-Magnon Man (based in the Near East) survives. Enlil, disenchanted with Mankind, seeks its demise. (The 12th Planet)


The ancient oral tradition puts forth a meaning that generally agrees with Reymond's translation. Zep tepi corresponds to a time when the people (the Sesh) achieved a new level of consciousness. It began over sixty-five thousand years ago. Mehler believes this time refers to an era between twenty thousand and sixty thousand years ago, when the Khemitians attained a higher level of consciousness and knowledge. It allowed them to build their great structures and carve their tunnels. In essence, it allowed them to create their civilization. Later, all this formed the basis of their creation mythology. (Before the Pharaohs)

Indus Valley






South America




North America



The Australian Aborigones offer a wonderful subject for meditations on the nature of humanity. Consider: these people lived in what may have been nearly complete isolation for more than 40,000 years in an ecologically diverse continent, and when first encountered by Europeans in the 17th century, their technology hardly approached the sophistication of the Neanderthals: just simple stone tools and rudimentary wooden implements; and yet they evolved a kinship system and cosmology that most graduate students in anthropology have struggled to comprehend in all its complexity--and probably never do. (Patterns in Prehistory)