Legends around 13,000 BC

The Globe



Not only southwest Europe but "Libya [North Africa to the Greeks] up to the borders of Egypt" was said to be under Atlantic control before the war (Timaeus 25). (Plato Prehistorian)

Southwest Asia




Indus Valley






South America




North America



The Australian Aborigones offer a wonderful subject for meditations on the nature of humanity. Consider: these people lived in what may have been nearly complete isolation for more than 40,000 years in an ecologically diverse continent, and when first encountered by Europeans in the 17th century, their technology hardly approached the sophistication of the Neanderthals: just simple stone tools and rudimentary wooden implements; and yet they evolved a kinship system and cosmology that most graduate students in anthropology have struggled to comprehend in all its complexity--and probably never do. (Patterns in Prehistory)