Art & Music around 18,000 BC



Southwest Asia




Indus Valley





Cast of Venus fingurine from Willendorf, Austria. Late Pleistocene peoples appear to have celebrated human fertility in much of their art. (Patterns in Prehistory)

One of the most amply documented Upper Paleolithic cultures in eastern Europe is the Kostenski-Bershevo culture centered in the Don River Valley, about 470 kilometers southeast of Moscow. About 25,000 to 11,000 years ago, the Kostenski-Bershevo area was an open grassland environment, with no rock shelters, caves, or other natural habitations, and with very little wood available for fires. Like their Upper Paleolithic counterparts elsewhere, the Kostenski people manufactured a variety of decorative items, including "Venus" figurines (representations of women, usually with exaggerated secondary sexual characteristics). (Patterns in Prehistory)

Although bracelets, bead necklaces, pendants, bone pins, and colored pigments are evident for personal adornment, examples of Solutrean art are rare. They consist of sculpture in low relief and incised stone slabs. (Before the Pharaohs)

Kukla showed Broecker his sketches of the campsites reconstructed from the excavations and the artifacts left behind; he pointed out that even under the harshest glacial conditions there had always been an ice-free corridor for animal and human migrations between eastern and western Europe along the Danube valley. It was within this refuge that his colleagues had found the famous Paleolithic-age "Venus figurines" of amply proportioned women. To their complete amazement the Czech archaeologists also encountered unmistakable evidence of a brief interval of baking clay in fire to make pottery, a technology that would not reappear until well after the close of the Ice Age and then in locations far away in Anatolia and the Levant. (Noah's Flood)

Recently a fragment of an obsidian (volcanic glass) bracelet dated to 7500 BCE (just after Göbekli Tepe times) from the Neolithic site of Aıklı Höyük in central Anatolia, Turkey, has been analyzed using modern high-tech methods. The bracelet is described as having “a complex shape and a remarkable central annular ridge, and is 10 cm in diameter and 3.3 cm wide”. Modern laboratory studies “revealed that the bracelet was made using highly specialized manufacturing techniques. The analyses carried out showed that the bracelet was almost perfectly regular. The  symmetry of the central annular ridge is extremely precise, to the nearest degree and nearest hundred micrometers. This suggests that the artisans of the time used models to control its shape when it was being made. The surface finish of the bracelet (which is very regular, resembling a mirror) required the use of complex polishing techniques capable of obtaining a nanometer-scale surface quality worthy of today’s telescope lenses. (Forgotten Civilization

South America




North America