HUMANPAST.NET

Transport                  30,000 BC
Africa
Southwest Asia
Egypt
Indus Valley
China
Europe
South America
Mesoamerica
North America
Other

Africa

 

Southwest Asia

 

Egypt

 

Indus Valley

 

China

 

Europe

 

South America

 

Mesoamerica

 

North America

 

Other

 We have known for some time that Australia was colonized at least 30,000 years ago by what studies show to have been purposeful and competent mariners. And unless those unilaterally-barbed bone harpoons recorded in EpiPaleolithic southwest Europe, North Africa, and Palestine were independently invented by three separate and contemporary populations, which seems extremely unlikely, their presence on three sides of the Mediterranean at roughly the same time suggests that Late Paleolithic seafaring may not have been limited to the Aegean. (115)

Carbon dating begins to assure us that human beings were in Australia twenty and thirty thousand years ago. Water vehicles must have taken them, even if by a short passage. (135)

It should come as no surprise that anatomically modern humans were capable of crossing the wide stretches of open ocean separating Greater Australia from Sunda at 40,000 years ago. Some of the larger islands of Melanesia, including New Britain and New Ireland in the Bisnmark Archipelago, were settled be seafaring explorers from Australia by at least 35,000 years ago, not long after the initial settlement of the island continent. Even farther to the east, Buka in the Solomon Island chain, was discovered and settled no less than 28,000 years ago. We know from the ethnographic record that the native peoples of the Pacific were brilliant navigators. They built up a substantial reservoir of knowledge about currents and wind patterns. Even without navigational devices, the native navigators of the Pacific could reckon by the stars, were familiar with cloud patterns indicating that land was nearby, possessed a detailed knowledge of bird flight paths from island to island, and constructed seaworthy ships capable of journeys across wide stretches of open ocean. (170)