HUMANPAST.NET

Tools                  8,000 BC
Africa
Southwest Asia
Egypt
Indus Valley
China
Europe
South America
Mesoamerica
North America
Other

Africa

 

Southwest Asia

 The first settlement at Mureybet was apparently burned around 8500 BC. When rebuilt, tanged, notched, and tanged-and-notched points were added to the Natufian-related assemblage. (115)

The earliest known examples of 'lightly fired clay vessels' also come from Kurdistan. They were found at a site named Mureybet, in northern Syria, and radiocarbon tests have shown that these vessels date to around 8000 BC. At another site, Ganj Dara, near the Iranian town of Kermanshah in eastern Kurdistan, archaeologists have uncovered evidence of fired pottery and small clay figurines that date to the early eighth millennium BC...(149)

Egypt

 

Indus Valley

 

China

 The distinctive artifact styles of these stone tools and other finds indicate that a large population of pre-agricultural peoples were widely distributed over much of China about 10,000 years ago. Most of these people were hunter-gatherers, with some groups specializing in fishing near the coasts and large lakes. (49)

Europe

 

 After about 10,000 years ago, people all over Europe began to exploit a much greater diversity of plants and animals than did their Pleistocene predecessors. This shift is reflected in Mesolithic fishing and hunting equipment: (1) limpet hammer; (2) bone fish-spear with microlith barbs, southern Sweden; (3) barbed point in red deer antler, c. 7500 BC, Star Carr, Yorkshire; (4) leister prongs of Eskimo fishermen (shows how the barbed point may have been used); (5) net-making needle (?) and (6) bone fish hook, Denmark; (7,8) microliths or transverse arrowheads, one found in peat hafted in wood with sinew binding, Denmark; (9) core-ax with transversely sharpened edge, Sussex; (10) flake-axe, Denmark.(27)

Archaeologists found nearby Asikli and closer to the volcano the remains of open-air shops in which workmen knapped blades, scrapers, and knives from the obsidian to be used not just for themselves but for trade with other communities and for export to the Levant. Present in the scrap piles were fragments of polished mirrors still shiny in defiance of the long passage of time. (131)

South America

 A few South American sites have been dated (controversially) to 20,000 to 15,000 years ago, but not until about 10,000 years ago is there substantial evidence of people in the mountains and coasts of Andean South America. John Rick has surveyed large areas of these uplands, and in caves and rock shelters he has found projectile points, scrapers, knife blades, and other traces of these early Peruvians...(52)

Mesoamerica

 

North America

The Koster site, in the Illinois River Valley, was first occupied at about 7,500 BC, and people lived at this site many times, at least until about 2,500 BC. These people slowly improved their technologies, adding new varieties of stone tools, more permanent forms of housing made of clay, poles, and thatch, rare implements of copper for which they traded with neighboring groups, and various other tools.(26)

Other