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Architecture                  17,000 BC
Africa
Southwest Asia
Egypt
Indus Valley
China
Europe
South America
Mesoamerica
North America
Other

Africa

 

Southwest Asia

 

Egypt

 

Indus Valley

 

China

 

Europe

 One of the most amply documented Upper Paleolithic cultures in eastern Europe is the Kostenski-Bershevo culture centered in the Don River Valley, about 470 kilometers southeast of Moscow. About 25,000 to 11,000 years ago, the Kostenski-Bershevo area was an open grassland environment, with no rock shelters, caves, or other natural habitations, and with very little wood available for fires. People here left a variety of archeological sites, including base camps, where pit houses were constructed  by digging a pit a meter or so deep, ringing the excavation with mammoth bones or tusks, and then draping hides over these supports. Some excavated pit houses were relatively large, with many hearths, suggesting that several families may have passed the winter together.(24)

South America

 The ruins of the Incan city of Tiahuanaco are situated 12 miles south of the lake and about 100 feet above the current shoreline. The entire complex was aligned to the cardinal points and faced the rising sun on the equinox. An artificial canal surrounded the civic center of the city. The most significant structure, the Akapana, consisted of seven terraces rising to 50 feet, with each measuring 600 feet per side, the size of two football fields. The terrace walls were constructed of precision-joined masonry that needed no mortar and the top-level terrace was covered with green gravel and crowned with buildings. A sunken court measuring roughly 150 feet on each side was set into the upper terrace. Internal cut-stone channels are thought to have provided drainage to the structure, but their purpose is debated. Independent researchers have long questioned both the orthodox view that the Incas built Tiahuanaco and the recent date ascribed to the site's construction. What are we to make of the monstrous construction blocks (one is estimated to weigh more than 400 tons) located 200 meters southwest of the Kalasaya? These megaliths are part of a site known as Puma Punka. Posnansky estimated that Tiahuanaco served as a port 17,000 I years ago, basing this figure on the celestial alignment of the site. (69)

Mesoamerica

 

North America

 

Other