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Science & Education                   5,000 BC
Africa
Southwest Asia
Egypt
Indus Valley
China
Europe
South America
Mesoamerica
North America
Other

Africa

 

Southwest Asia

 Dechend and her associates have found evidence of an awareness of the Precession, the changing zodiacal position of the rising sun at the spring equinox, in some of the oldest fragments of art and myth of both ancient and primitive cultures. In the opinion of these investigators, the recognition of the Precession of the Equinoxes first occurred in the Near East at approximately 5000 BC and subsequently spread throughout the archaic world and into the recesses of primitive and ancient mythology. (115)

In the southwest [Iran] the early fifth millennium saw further increases in the number of new agricultural sites in Susiana, while in the northeast a chain of perhaps twenty settlements now stretched along the foothills of the Kopet Dagh and into the Gurgan plain. On the plateau, copper was already being cast into molds at Tepe Gabristan, where a recently discovered workshop for coppersmiths, complete with crucible, kiln, and molds, has been dated to the early fifth millennium BC. The end of the fifth millennium would see the first recorded use of the potter's wheel at Sialk, an innovation which, like the advances in metallurgy, was then to spread westward from Iran into southern Mesopotamia , and not, as was once supposed, the other way around. (115)

Egypt

 

Indus Valley

 

China

 

Europe

 By about 4500 BC--1500 years and more before the Egyptians began to build large stone buildings--farmers in Spain were using large stones weighing many tons to build tombs, and over the next several millennia people all over Western Europe built large monolithic tombs. (50)

South America

 

Mesoamerica

 

North America

 5000 BC Copper mining starts on Isle Royale in Lake Superior. (135)

Other