History around 3,000 BC

The Globe

 

Africa

 

Southwest Asia

The Sumerian tablets describe Meluha as an aquatic culture in which water and bathing played a key role, which causes us to recall the Harappan public baths. That these two civilizations had contact is borne out by the fact that Indus Valley objects have been found buried with Mesopotamians. (The Genesis Race)

Hesiod depicts the Bronze Age as a time of civilization, when humans were strong, productive, and very aggressive. During this era in the history of Western civilization great advances proceeded very quickly and beautiful cities, temples, and works of art were produced. However, for thousands of years wars often broke out between developing city-states and empires. The comparable portion of the Old Testament is likewise full of accounts of tribal war, bickering, infighting, and the spread of pestilence and plagues. The analogous Hindu Dvapara was a time when sensual desires increased, disease began to appear, and injustice spread through human civilization. (The Genesis Race)

The Phoenicians are said by Herodotus to have migrated from the Erythrian Sea, which comprised the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea, to the Levant. They at once began long sea voyages, according to Herodotus. If so, they were probably making long sea voyages before. The name Phoenician was given to them by the Greeks; it means Red Men and was also applied by the Greeks to the Minoan Cretans. The name, it has been variously suggested, arose because they painted themselves red or traded in purple cloth. Phoenicians called themselves Canaanites. The Phoenicians possibly moved to the Levant when they could make more money trading to the West than along the Persian Gulf to the East. The Phoenicians settled down on the Mediterranean coast protected by the Lebanon mountains from landward attack. Byblos was a very early Phoenician port (3000 BC), as was Ugarit. (The God-Kings & the Titans)

2670 BC Agga defeated by Mesanepada, King of Ur (Uriel's Machine)

2650 BC Reign of Gilgamesh ended (Uriel's Machine)

2650 BC Agga, last ruler of Etana, dies (Uriel's Machine)

Egypt

Traditional sources suggest that Menes (also known as Narmer), a minor official from Upper Egypt, rose to power and conquered Lower Egypt at about 3100 BC, and that he and his successors established a theocratic political system over the entire navigable length of the Egyptian Nile. Menes is recorded as having built a capitol at Memphis (near modern Cairo), diverting the stream of the Nile to create a strategic position at the junction of Upper and lower Egypt. His next several successors were also powerful kings, but there is some evidence of internal dissension at about 2900 BC. Later, peace appears to have been restored, and major construction projects were undertaken in the centuries before 2700 BC. We know from tombs and other archaeological evidence that already by the early Old Kingdom (c. 2700 BC), Egypt was a complexly organized nation-state, with monumental architecture, a multi-tiered economy, and a centralized and hierarchically arranged bureaucracy. (Patterns in Prehistory)

Djoser, the second king of the Third Dynasty, who reigned from about 2630 to 2611 BC, was able to organize Egypt's people and economy to the extent that he, or his grand Vizier, Imhotep, could arrange construction of the great step pyramid at Saqqara as is tomb. (Patterns in Prehistory)

Djoser's successors, particularly those of the Fourth Dynasty (c. 2575-2465 BC)--the beginning of the Old Kingdom Period--also built massive pyramids and experimented with designs and constructions until the "perfect" pyramid form was achieved by King Khufu--as exemplified by the pyramids at Giza. It is not just the massive size of this and other pyramids of this era that is so impressive, but also the complex engineering, the deft execution of stone sculpture, and the precise planning such projects would have required. …not a single ancient Egyptian text of the period when they were built describes how they were constructed or why. (Patterns in Prehistory)

2638 BC Khufu becomes King of Two Lands of Egypt (Uriel's Machine)

Indus Valley

The Sumerian tablets describe Meluha as an aquatic culture in which water and bathing played a key role, which causes us to recall the Harappan public baths. That these two civilizations had contact is borne out by the fact that Indus Valley objects have been found buried with Mesopotamians. (The Genesis Race)

Hesiod depicts the Bronze Age as a time of civilization, when humans were strong, productive, and very aggressive. During this era in the history of Western civilization great advances proceeded very quickly and beautiful cities, temples, and works of art were produced. However, for thousands of years wars often broke out between developing city-states and empires. The comparable portion of the Old Testament is likewise full of accounts of tribal war, bickering, infighting, and the spread of pestilence and plagues. The analogous Hindu Dvapara was a time when sensual desires increased, disease began to appear, and injustice spread through human civilization. (The Genesis Race)

China

 

Europe

Hesiod depicts the Bronze Age as a time of civilization, when humans were strong, productive, and very aggressive. During this era in the history of Western civilization great advances proceeded very quickly and beautiful cities, temples, and works of art were produced. However, for thousands of years wars often broke out between developing city-states and empires. The comparable portion of the Old Testament is likewise full of accounts of tribal war, bickering, infighting, and the spread of pestilence and plagues. The analogous Hindu Dvapara was a time when sensual desires increased, disease began to appear, and injustice spread through human civilization. (The Genesis Race)

Tradition states that about 2640 BC Prince Partholon from Greece landed in Ireland with twenty-four couples. Forty years later another party came in from Scythia. (The God-Kings & the Titans)

2655 BC Skara Brae abandoned (Uriel's Machine)

South America

 

Mesoamerica

 

North America

 

Other