HUMANPAST.NET

Evolution                  3,000 BC
Africa
Southwest Asia
Egypt
Indus Valley
China
Europe
South America
Mesoamerica
North America
Other

Africa

 

Southwest Asia

 Adding weight to this argument is the knowledge that 'people allied in type to the big-headed Predynastic Egyptians are to be found buried in the early Sumerian graves of Mesopotamia'. For example, long-headed skulls, entirely unlike the rest of the Sumerian race, are known to have been found during excavations at Kish and Jemdet Nasr in Iraq. They were found at the lowest occupational levels, indicating that they are at least five thousand years old. (149)

Sometime soon after 3250 BC [the Sumerian people] had arrived in the already developed land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, and began to intermarry with the native population. These mysterious Sumerians said that they came from an unknown place called Dilmun, and spoke a language unrelated to any other known language. History records that they soon became rich and powerful. Their art, architecture, crafts, and religious and ethical thought outshone anything in the region and the Sumerian language became the prevailing speech of the land. The timing of the arrival of the Sumerians suggests that they could have been a breakaway group of 'observers' from the Newgrange headquarters, who were expelled for interbreeding with the local women. Certainly it is recorded that the Sumerians did interbreed with the indigenous population and they immediately started to teach them about mathematics and astronomy, as well as metals. (160)

As we have seen, the principal crimes that God accused the Watchers of were mating with local women, teaching the secrets of the heavens and using metals. Both the crimes and the dates fit. And so does the punishment, with the comet of 3150 BC arriving 100 years after their first arrival in Sumer. No one knows where these advanced people with a totally alien language came from. There are few candidate locations to consider, and when one realizes how much they knew about astronomy, it seems very reasonable to connect them with the observatories of the British Isles. Similarly, no one knows where the Grooved Ware People went or what their language sounded like, but we do now know that they were highly advanced. The Sumerians' most important festival was the celebration of the new year which, like that of the Grooved Ware People, began at the spnng equinox. (160)

Egypt

Brace and his colleagues measured hundreds of ancient Egyptian bodies and estimated the genetic affinities of the ancient Egyptians to other groups, and they concluded that the characteristic suite of physical features of ancient Egyptians has been relatively the same since the Pleistocene, and that ancient Egyptians were most closely related genetically to circum-Mediterranean peoples and Europeans, less so to sub-Saharan Africans. The ancient Egyptians, course, considered themselves different from all other peoples and superior to them. Egyptian men were painted a darker color than women to underscore gender differences, misleading some to conclude that most ancient Egyptians were very dark in skin tone; but there is no evidence that they were much different in this regard from modern Egyptians, with the wide range from the very light Mediterranean types to sub-Saharan tones. (47)

Many locations in southern Egypt seem to have been abandoned around 4000 BC. The main period of settlement in the Gilf Kebir region lasted from 4000 to 3000 BC; other playas, such as Wadi Bakht and Ard El-Akhdar, continued to exist through 3000 BC and then then abruptly stopped. (70)

In defense of the dynastic race theory, carvings on an ivory knife handle from the town of Gebel-el-Arak (near Denderah, 250 miles south of Cairo) and paintings on the walls of a late-predynastic tomb dated to 3500 BC at Hierakonopolis suggest invasion of the Nile Valley by a seafaring people. Some believe the style of the ornamentation on the knife handle to be Mesopotamian or possibly Syrian. The scene possibly represents a sea battle against invaders; this is also depicted in the Hierakonopolis tomb. Both of these show Egypt's native ships and strange vessels with a high prow and stem, unmistakably Mesopotamian in origin. There is also the discovery of late-predynastic graves in the northern part of Upper Egypt, where the skulls unearthed were of greater size and the bodies were larger than those of the natives. According to Walter Emery, the difference is so distinct that any suggestion that these people derived from the earlier stock is impossible. (70)

...early Egyptologists referred to a "dynastic race" that was different from the typical Egyptian. Remains found in pre-dynastic and early-dynastic Egyptian burials, dating from 3000 to 2500 BC, were of the same, Cro-Magon type of human that was found in Malta. They displayed a dolichocephalous skull, and were larger than that of the local ethnic group. (70)

According to Walter Emery, the dynastic race was not indigenous to Egypt, yet ruled as the elite, performing sacerdotal (priestly) and governmental roles and mixing only with the Egyptian aristocracy. Some scholars have associated the dynastic race with the Shemsu Hor, the "disciples of Horus," who were recognized as the dominant sacerdotal caste in pre dynastic Egypt until approximately 3000 BC. The theory is supported by the discovery of individuals with larger skulls and robust frames, significantly greater than those of the native population. They are so different that they exclude any hypothetical common racial strain. A blending of the two races came about in the succeeding millennia, which began with the unification of Lower and Upper Egypt. During that critical time, just before the birth of dynastic Egyptian civilization, what occurred in Malta, it seems, also happened in Egypt. Peoples of the Mediterranean type permeated the population and began to replace (genetically) the older Cro-Magnon population. (70)

It would seem that a number of late Predynastic graves in the northern part of Upper Egypt have yielded up 'anatomical remains of a people whose skulls were of a greater size and whose bodies were larger than those of the natives'. Emery must have been aware...that the most distant ancestors of the Egyptians had been tall in stature with large craniums. His book goes on to compare the unique architecture of this culture with that of ancient Iraq, hinting at a common origin for both civilizations. Further evidence of this clear relationship between the most ancient inhabitants of Egypt and the earliest city-states of Mesopotamia has come from the study of human skulls found in the Pre dynastic cemeteries excavated at Abydos in Upper Egypt during 1897... Each cranium was examined by an anthropologist named D. Fouquet, who reported that among them was a racial type entirely unlike any ancient or modern inhabitant of Egypt. These skulls were 'big-headed' and of a so-called dolichocephalic shape, that is long and narrow. (149)

Indus Valley

 

China

 Since the late 1970s, archaeologists have exhumed scores of desiccated corpses from burials in the salty desert sands around the edges of the Tarim Basin in the Chinese region of Xinjiang. Some were identified as being 4,000 years old and new information suggests that they may be much earlier still. These bodies are extraordinarily well preserved, with intact skin, flesh, hair, and internal organs. Buried individually or in pairs, in undecorated coffins, bottomless coffins or covered by hollowed-out logs, the bodies were quickly dried out in the desert heat and then freeze-dried during the region's bitter winters. These ancient people are dressed in colourful robes, trousers, boots, stockings, coats and hats. The mummies appeared to be neither Chinese nor Mongoloid facial type; they looked distinctly Caucasian. They had high-bridged noses, large eye sockects, pronounced jawlines and a dental overbite, blond or red hair, and many men had full beards. There was no doubt - these were Europeans. Cherchin Man (named after the area he was buried in), was an impressive 6' 6" tall and Cherchin woman a statuesque 6' 2", which would make them stand out in a crowd today, let alone thousands of years ago when people were generally shorter. ...another female - her skeleton found beside the remains of a man - still wore a terrifically tall, conical hat, just like those we depict on witches riding broomsticks at Halloween or on medieval wizards intent at their magical spells. According to early Chinese written records, strangely tall, blond-red, hairy people were sufficiently well known hereabouts by the 1st millennium AD to have had their own name, the Tokharians. At Qizil, in the Caves of a Thousand Buddahs, you can see them on wall paintings: blue eyed, bearded, hair characteristically centre-parted. Amazingly, the style of weaving and the choice of patterns used on the clothing of the mummies was almost identical to the Scottish tartans and plaids of the Hallstatt and Latene Celtic culture, which developed in Central Europe. (160)


 

Europe

 In a chamber of Hagar Qim, between the largest stone and the south wall, a skull was found. It is now lost, but at one time it was on permanent display in the National Museum of Archaeology, in Valletta, Malta. The only image available is what the meticulous painter Schranz recorded at the time of the discovery. The shape of the skull was unusual, and it appears to have been from a very peculiar, but human, race that lived during prehistoric times. It was dolichocephalic, or oblong, and resembled that of Cro-Magnon. The museum's archaeologist, Mark Anthony Mifsud (Anton's brother), supervised the viewing in a private room. According to Di Cesare and Forgione, these Cro-Magnon skulls exhibited no medial cranial knitting lines (natural sutures, running front to back, where the skull grows together as a child ages), and had abnormally developed temporal partitions and drilled and swollen occiputs (the back part of the skull), possibly a result of trauma recovery. The skulls also displayed a very pronounced dolichocephalous (in other words, the posterior part of the head was unusually long). They were also larger than normal. Medical experts consider this lack of medial cranial knitting impossible because there are no similar pathological cases in the international medical literature. It is noteworthy to add that these skull features are not typical results of bandaging or boarding, which some pre-Columbian civilizations practiced. Except for the lack of knitting, they appear to be natural. From a medical perspective, another unusual aspect of the skulls is that a few of them show obvious signs of surgery in the occipital area. The outlines of three small holes in the occipital bone, called inion, were visible and had time to cicatrize. In other words, the patient survived the operation and the bone around the holes began to heal. The ability to perform such procedures is, to say the least, surprising in a culture that was believed to be primitive. According to Dr. Themistocles Zammit, who examined a number of skeletons in 1921, a good portion, but not all, of the excavated skulls showed signs of artificial deformation. Those that were a result of artificial deformation were a result of head banding or head boarding, possibly Mediterranean-type peoples attempting to look like the Cro-Magnon type. Other skeletal deformations seemed to be the result of rituals or punishments: incisions, perforations, partial or total removals, cauterizations, abrasions, insertions of extraneous bodies in muscle tissue. The Cro-Magnon skulls Di Cesare and Forgione examined are unofficially dated to about 2500 BC but could be older. Malta's megalithic history ends at about this time, with no other evidence of human occupation until the arrival of the Phoenicians, which were a Mediterranean type people, three hundred years later. (70)

National Geographic magazine reported in its May 1920 issue that the earliest inhabitants of Malta were long-headed and similar to the early people of Egypt who spread along the northern coast of Africa toward the west. Some of these people went to Malta and Sicily, others to Sardinia and Spain. According to the article, there appears little doubt that the early Maltese population belonged to the same type of people as the Iberians, the Basques of the Pyrenees, the Gauls of France, and the small dark men of Cornwall, south of Wales and Ireland-all of which are Cro-Magnon types. (70)

The Iceman's DNA did not match any of the specimens from sub-Saharan Africans, Siberians or American Indians. The genetic patterns of the Iceman, the scientists concluded, "fits into the genetic variation of contemporary Europeans" and was "most closely related to mitochondrial types determined from central and northern European populations." (78)

The Book of Enoch, which describes where these Watchers came from, gives evidence of certain latitudes within its descriptions. Careful analysis of this data shows that Enoch was taken to places within the range of latitudes 51-59 North. This latitude is where a group of people known as the Grooved Ware People lived, on the western edge of Europe over 5,000 years ago. (160)

South America

 

Mesoamerica

 

North America

  C. Turner looked at many different features of teeth, including shoveling, and variations in the number of roots of premolars and molars. By comparing large samples of teeth on many different measurements, Turner concluded that: (1) New World groups are more like Asians than like Europeans; (2) all New World groups resemble each other more than they do most Old World populations; (3) dental variation is greater in North America than in South America; (4) there are three "clusters" of New World peoples. It is very difficult, however, to estimate rates of change in these kinds of physical features, and thereby to estimate how long ago the migrations to the Americas began, but Turner's calculations estimate a date of about 12,000 years ago for the initial colonization of the New World, with two much later waves of colonizations.(26)

Other

 According to Francisco Garda Talavera, around 5000 BC the Cro-Magnon type began to diminish demographically and retreated to the west into the mountains of the Mediterranean, the Atlantic coast, and the Canary Islands, as well as the Saharan southwest and the Sudan. Yet they didn't truly disappear in the Maghreb. It is believed that 8 percent of that area's population were Cro-Magnon types during the third century BC, and that percentage has steadily dwindled. (70)

The Canary Islands have the same prehistoric components as does North Africa: the Cro-Magnon type and the Proto-Mediterranean. The first and more primitive human type arrived on the islands, according to some authors, between 2500 BC and 1000 AD. However, because of the numerical proportion of Cro-Magnon type (Tenerife, 34 percent; Great Canary, 33 percent; and Gomera, 45 percent), an early arrival to the Canary Islands from the continent is more likely when Cro-Magnon types dominated North Africa prior to 10,500 years ago. (70)